People with diabetes are most prone to foot problems. Injuries associated with lack of sensation because of neuropathy in addition to microvascular disease, may cause various diabetic foot infections.
Nonsurgical treatments are used for not too severe cases of Diabetic foot. Wounds and infections can be treated by antibiotics with regular cleaning and dressings. Gangrene with infection that is under control may be treated with observation until auto-amputation or a natural separating from the foot occurs. Charcot joints may be treated with protective immobilization with or without weight bearing.
Severe infections such as abscesses may be treated with surgery. Charcot foot may include operative stabilization and correction of deformity. Severe cases of Gangrene may be treated with partial foot amputation or below-knee amputation.
Doctors and wellness professionals at FootSecure understands diabetic foot and offer care, support and treatment for all related conditions:
- Diabetic Neuropathy – A type of nerve damage that can occur with diabetes
- Sprains – Most sprains are mild, but a serious sprain can cause damage to the ligaments or tendons surrounding the ankle joint
- Plantar Fasciitis – A painful inflammation of the fibrous band of tissue on the bottom of the foot that helps to support the arch
- Tendinitis – If diabetes is not under control, tendons can thicken and are likely to tear
- Ingrown toenails – An ingrown toenail if not treated right can cause serious foot infections
- Corns and Calluses – With diabetes, a callus or corn can be a thin layer of hard skin covering a deeper wound or ulceration
- Flat foot – With diabetes, the arch of the foot can collapse, sometimes causing fracture and disintegrate and- without the patient feeling any pain
- Heel pain and front foot pain – Poor circulation can cause the feet to swell or become dry. This can lead to further injuries including heel and foot pain
- Warts – Small growths that usually appear on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet
- Varicose veins – Enlarged, bulging bluish purple veins that resemble cords and are twisted directly under the skin due to relaxed vein walls caused by improper blood circulation
- Bunions – Bony bump at the base of the big toe, causing the joint to swell outward
- Hammer toes – Aa muscle and ligament imbalance around the toe joint which causes the middle joint of the toe to bend and become stuck in this position
- Fractures and Dislocations – Due to the loss of feeling, diabetics are prone to tears and snaps within the foot and ankle
- Nail discolouration – A sign that nail is injured or has a fungal infection