Arch pain is an inflammation and/or a burning sensation in the space between the front and back part(arch) of the foot. Pain in this area can mean that the bones, ligaments, and muscles are overworked and tired. Other causes that are attributed to arch pain is structural imbalance or even an injury to the foot.
Arch pain can be easily treated by choosing the correct footwear or with anti-inflammatory medication and simple stretching exercises. However, before treatment is chosen, it is important to have a podiatrist do a diagnosis of the cause to ensure the choice of treatment will be effective.
Achilles tendon is a painful condition that starts gradually and spontaneously. It is characterized by an aching and burning pain affiliated with morning activity. It may improve slightly with initial activity, but only gets worse with further unregulated activity and is aggravated by exercise. Most cases are successfully treated non-surgically, however treatment is less likely to be successful if symptoms have been present more than six months. If there is a re occurrence or the treatment fails to work, surgery is recommended.
Athlete’s foot is a contagious, fungal infection which causes itching and irritation that affects the skin and nails of the feet. It occurs from having your feet wet for a prolonged period. It can also be caused from an injury, wearing tight and poor insulated shoes, or even from using public showers when barefoot.
This foot condition can be treated by applying over-the-counter creams that can usually effective and eliminate athlete’s foot; usually clearing up within two weeks.
Black-and-blue toenails are caused by injury to the skin below the toenail Pain occurring from a blackened toenail can be relieved by icing or soaking the area or with prescription medications. If the pain is severe may require treatment a podiatrist may decide to drill a hole in the nail to drain the nail and relieve pressure or remove the toenail altogether. In some cases, the nail may fall off on its own and a new nail will grow in its place.
Bunions occur at the joint that connects your big toe to your foot has a swollen, painful bump. The skin over it may be red and tender and wearing any type of shoe may be painful. Your pain may become chronic and you may develop arthritis. Most bunions are treatable without surgery.
Corn and calluses are hardened, thick layers of skin on the bottom of your feet that have formed due to friction or pressure from ill-fitting shoes and slipping socks. These conditions can be self-treated by using corn pads and correcting your footwear. If the corn or callus persists or becomes painful, you may require the removal of the excess skin via, medications or surgery.
Diabetic Foot are conditions that affect the foot due to high blood sugar in the body. Some of the implicated conditions are:
There are Nonsurgical treatments that can be used for not too severe cases of Diabetic foot. Wounds and infections can be treated with antibiotics and may require periodic cleaning and dressing and the foot may be put into casts. Gangrene with infection that is under control may be treated with observation until auto-amputation or a natural separating from the foot occurs. Charcot joints may be treated with protective immobilization with or without weight bearing. Severe infections such as abscesses may be treated with surgery. Charcot foot may include operative stabilization and correction of deformity. Severe cases of Gangrene may be treated with partial foot amputation or below-knee amputation.